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Role of long-term acute care hospitals in prolonged mechanical ventilation

PI: Jeremy M. Kahn, MD MS

Co-Investigators: Amber Barnato, Derek Angus, Judith Lave, David Wallace

Funding: NIH R01HL096651


Long-term acute care hospitals (LTACs) provide specialty inpatient care to patients recovering from severe acute illness. However, little is known about the effectiveness of the LTAC model compared to other strategies for complex care, or how LTACs impact utilization within the health system as a whole.  This project uses Medicare claims data to examine the role of LTACs for patients with chronic critical illness. Specifically, we are studying the effect of LTAC utilization on individual patient outcomes and health care costs, the effects of different LTAC organizational styles on patient outcomes, and spillover effects of LTACs on other types of ICU utilization and outcomes.

In this New York Times article, Dr. Kahn, the Principal Investigator of this project, discusses health policy issues related to LTAC utilization for patients recovering from critical illness.