Associate Professor of Critical Care, Medicine and Health Policy
Dr. Kahn is Associate Professor of Critical Care, Medicine and Health Policy in the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Graduate School of Public Health. He is a core faculty member in the Clinical Research, Investigation and Systems Modeling of Acute Illness (CRISMA) Center in the Department of Critical Care Medicine, where he directs the CRISMA Program on Critical Care Health Policy. Dr. Kahn received his medical degree from the University of Virginia before completing a residency in Internal Medicine at the University of Chicago. He then did a fellowship in Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine at the University of Washington, where he obtained a masters degree in clinical epidemiology. Prior to joining the University of Pittsburgh in 2010 he was on faculty at the University of Pennsylvania.
Dr. Kahn’s research program focuses on the organization, management, and financing of critical care services. Specific areas of interest include ICU workforce and staffing, quality measurement, benchmarking, and regionalization of critical care. His group’s work integrates approaches from the fields of epidemiology, health services research, health economics and operations management to investigate novel strategies for increasing the quality and efficiency of critical care. He holds several grants from the National Institutes of Health examining the effect of ICU organization on the outcome of care for patients critical illness. He spends his clinical time attending in the Solid Organ Transplant ICU at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center’s Montefiore Hospital.
He lives in Pittsburgh with his wife and children. In his spare time he enjoys cooking, travelling and riding his mountain bike in Pittsburgh’s Frick Park.
Education & Training
|University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA||BA||1995||History|
|University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA||MD||1999||Medicine|
|University of Washington, Seattle, WA||MS||2005||Epidemiology|
Director, Program on Critical Care Health Policy and Management, CRISMA Center
Director, Comparative Effectiveness Research Data Center, Clinical and Translational Research Institute
Affiliate Faculty, University of Pittsburgh Health Policy Institute
Graduate with Distinction, University of Virginia
|2004||American Lung Association of Washington Research Fellowship Award|
|2007||Austrian Award for Junior Faculty Research, University of Pennsylvania|
|2010||Young Investigator Award, American Thoracic Society Behavioral Science Assembly|
Validation of a mortality prediction model for prolonged mechanical ventilation (NIH/NHLBI R21HL094975).
In a collaboration with the ProVent Study Group, we performed a multicenter validation of a predictive model for one-year survival in patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation.
Clinician Attitudes toward regionalization of adult critical care (Society of Critical Care Medicine Vision Grant).
This project surveyed a population-based sample of critical care providers to determine clinician attitudes and barriers to the development of a formal, regionalized system of crucial care in the United States.
Effect of patient volume on outcome in the ICU (NIH/NHLBI-AHRQ F32HL080785). The project examined the effect of hospital case-load on risk-adjusted mortality and length of stay in the intensive care unit.
Kahn JM, Goss CH, Heagerty PJ, Kramer AA, O’Brien CR, Rubenfeld GD. Hospital volume and the outcome of mechanical ventilation. NEJM. 2006 Jul 6;335(1):41-50.
Kahn JM, Linde-Zwirble WT, Wunsch H, Barnato AE, Iwashyna TJ, Roberts MS, Lave JR, Angus DC. Potential value of regionalized intensive care for mechanically ventilated medical patients. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2008 Feb;177(3):285-91. PMC2218846
Kahn JM, Asch RJ, Iwashyna TJ, Haynes K, Rubenfeld GD, Angus DC, Asch DA. Physician attitudes toward regionalization of adult critical care: a national survey. Crit Care Med. 2009 Jul;37(7):2149-54.
Kahn JM, Rubenfeld GD, Rohrbach J, Fuchs BD. Cost savings attributable to reductions in intensive care unit length of stay for mechanically ventilated patients. Med Care. 2008;46(12):1226-33.
Kim MM, Barnato AE, Angus DC, Fleisher LF, Kahn JM. The effect of multidisciplinary care teams on intensive care unit mortality. Arch Intern Med. 2010 Feb 22;170(4):369-76.
Kahn JM, Benson NM, Appleby D, Carson SS, Iwashyna TJ. Long-term acute care hospital utilization after critical illness. JAMA. 2010 June;303(22):2253-9.